If a user wants to visit your website online, they can go different ways, for example, they can search the site on a search engine or enter the URL directly. But how is it possible that the website is visible and accessible to every user? This is the web hosting responsibility.
What Does Web Hosting Mean?
Web hosting, often called net hosting or website hosting, and is derived from the English verb to host, which means hosting as much as in German. Website hosting would mean translated website hosting accordingly. But how does hosting or hosting a website work?
Every website operator wants his created website to be accessible on the net at any time. Such a permanent accessibility is guaranteed by the web host.
The web host provides the operator with the web space, mostly for a fee. Furthermore, the host often still offers the operator some additional applications.
Such as: E-mail addresses and mailboxes, as well as a corresponding content management system for the creation of the homepage. From a technical point of view the web space and additional services form the infrastructure of the site.
In order to better illustrate the net hosting, a comparison with the rental of apartments is possible. The web host acts in this case as landlord, the website operator as a tenant and the web space represents the apartment.
So the operator rents from the cheap reseller hosting a certain size of web space. This is provided to the operator at leisure and in return, the host ensures the accessibility of the website on the Internet.
What types of hosting are there?
As each website operator makes different demands on the web host or on the entire website hosting, there are a large number of different types of web hosting.
With shared hosting, a large number of web pages are hosted on one server. These websites share the capacities of the server.
The advantage of shared hosting is that it is very cheap and that it is often very easy to use. The disadvantage, however, is that each site only a limited ability to act and the performance losses can occur when other websites overload the server too much.
Virtual Server / Virtual Dedicated Server is very similar to shared hosting. However, here each homepage owner is assured a piece of the computing power of the server.
Thus, the other web pages of the server have no influence on the performance of the page. Compared to share hosting, the functions and services of the server are improved compared to the website.
In Dedicated Server Hosting, each homepage has its own server. This gives the website operator maximum control over the web server.
For this type of hosting a large amount of know-how about the technical conditions is assumed and the costs increase with increasing performance of the server.
Furthermore, there are several subcategories in this type of hosting. One of them is the managed server. This type allows the operator to completely transfer the management of the server, which includes the maintenance and care, to the web host.
A very recent alternative to these three types of hosting, which is becoming more and more relevant, is cloud hosting. In doing so, the website is stored in the cloud, I. The website is not stored on a physical server, but on a special system of the web host.
The operator only has to pay for the service actually used. Furthermore, the cloud hosting benefits from the very high reliability of the accessibility of the website.
This can be deduced from the fact that the cloud is not dependent on a particular server or a complete data center, but is often networked with a large number of different data centers, so that a failure is almost impossible. By networking the cloud, the cloud hosting has a very high performance.
Apart from web hosting, there are also other hosting options, such as file hosting (for files only), image hosting (only for images), video hosting (video only), etc.
Of course, these hosting forms be combined with the web hosting. Such a combination of hosting types has created web portals such as Instagram, Facebook, Pinterest, YouTube, Sound cloud, etc.