A variety of diseases and disorders of the elderly can cause mental retardation. Conditions and drug reactions can cause changes in the state of the deity known as “pseudo-dementia.” Medical tests can find out what reasons for the existence of reverse, for example:
Drug reaction. Most common. Doctors should be tested
All medications, prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications and Herbal medicine to reduce the side effects of the drug performance.
Endocrine abnormalities. Thyroid abnormalities, parathyroid Glandular abnormalities, and adrenal dysfunction to simulate senile dementia, metabolic disorders. Kidney and liver failure, liver and pancreatic disease caused by electrolyte imbalance (Blood Test), low blood sugar, high blood calcium, leading to confusion Loss of appetite, sleep and mood change emotional distress. Depression or life changes, such as
Retirement, divorce or loss of dear people can be affected the physical and mental health of individuals. Should inform the doctor
The first life stressful event. Visual and auditory. Visual acuity and hearing impairment can lead the results of inappropriate reactions are misinterpreted.
Should be hearing and visual examination?
Confusion is a symptom of urinary tract infection which performed.
Should inform the doctor?
Nutritional deficiencies. Vitamin B deficiency (folic acid,
Niacin, riboflavin and thiamine) to cause recognition known obstacles.
Degenerative (irreversible) dementia
If the patient is not clear to have irreversible or degenerative dementia
Is reversible dementia, the patient’s family and medical staff have to find out Etiology.
This will ensure that patients will receive appropriate treatment and nursing, family can also plan and find appropriate support and care. The following are the most common degenerative dementias:
Alzheimer’s is the most Common dementia, especially over the age of 65, though However, the disease can also occur in young people. Alzheimer Syndrome affects about 50% of patients in the 85-year-old.
The study the exact reason why people cannot find the disease at present is not there is cure. Symptoms vary from person to person, but memory, thinking and operational capacity will gradually decrease with the loss of function.
Ischemic vascular dementia (Ischemic Vascular Dementia)
Dementia / IVD). IVD is the second most common
Dementia is characterized by loss of functioning function or cognitive function
The force declines in the “administrative functions” simply, such as planning and
Mission accomplished. When the symptoms suddenly appear, the patient usually
Experienced a stroke. For others, for others, slow progression of function and / or thought
Dementia with Lewy Bodies / DLB).
Dementia with Lewy bodies is a gradual Progressive degenerative disease shares with Alzheimer’s disease and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. DLB cognitive function wave.
Emotional damage and have motor abnormalities and Parkinson’s disease
Front temporal dementia
Dementia / FTD). Scanning can be found bilaterally symmetrical
Degenerative abnormalities in the frontal and temporal lobes.
The frontal lobe of the brain 4
Anterior temporal control of reasoning, personality, movement, speech,
Social etiquette and some aspects of memory. Symptoms Sometimes
Can be misdiagnosed as mental illness. The disease to 45 to 65 years of age
As multiple age groups. Symptoms showed two opposite
Way: Some patients showed transitional activity, cramped
Disturbed, do not follow the ethical code of social behavior
Other manifestations of apathetic, inert and emotional slow.
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (Creutzfeldt-Jakob
Disease / CJD). CJD is a fast way to go
Of the deadly brain disease. Infectious sponge
Encephalopathy and the disease is the cause of prion protein. This
The disease is difficult to diagnose because it has many different diagnoses
Including sleep disorders, personality changes, ataxia,
Aphasia, visual loss, physical, muscle atrophy, Myoclonus, progressive dementia and other symptoms? Parkinson’s dementia. Parkinson’s syndrome clinical manifestations of shock
Tremor, stiffness, slow, unsteady gait and other symptoms. The clinical manifestations of the nervous system may be partial or even complete
Like Parkinson’s disease. When Parkinson’s syndrome does not have any nerves
System anomalies and cannot identify the cause of hair,
This disease was described as a Parkinson disease in 1817
Years by the British physician.
Progressive supranuclear palsy)
Supranuclear Palsy / PSP). The disease mainly
There are three clinical features are postural instability and movement disorders
Vertical supranuclear palsy, or eye movement impairment
And dementia. Although these three characteristics are considered to be
The PSP is also characterized by patients with this disease also experience
To degenerative disorders of the brain, including dyskinesia
For changing, speaking and swallowing difficulties and other symptoms. Because the disease is relatively rare, PSP is often misdiagnosed as Parkinsen disease. However, its therapeutic response and clinical symptoms Is different, to make accurate diagnosis is very important.
Normal pressure hydrocephalus (Normal Pressure
Hydrocephalus / NPH). The clinical manifestations of this disease
Now gait instability, urinary incontinence and dementia. Recognize
As is a rare cause of Alzheimer’s disease
Mainly in the 60-year-old occurred. NPH accurate hair
It is difficult to determine the disease rate does not have the formal agreement of the disease. Some physicians rely on imaging to make a diagnosis
Evidence, another group of medical personnel rely on clinical indications. Other physicians use reliable clinical signs and symptoms
The combination. Treatment is ventricular shunt, to reduce
Less by the pressure brought by cerebrospinal fluid.
Huntington’s disease (Huntington’s
Disease / HD). The disease is a genetic fatal
Of the disease, the performance characteristics of involuntary movements (dance
Disease) and cognitive decline (Alzheimer’s disease).
Can cause some of the brain structure, especially the basal ganglia, Which may lead to patients unable to control their own action
And emotions, as well as causing mental and cognitive functioning aspects of the retreat.